T-Shirts – Common Terms Explained

T-shirt producers use many phrases to explain their merchandise. The phrases will not be all the time constant and it helps to have a reference information.

The next is the official Inexperienced Man T-Shirts Information to understanding t-shirt phrases:

20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. An ordinary spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes 40 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The upper quantity means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer material is created. T-shirts made from 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have higher drape than t-shirts made from 20s. The phrases are used some ways, however it’s the quantity that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the identical. Threads may be twisted collectively into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads had been twisted collectively, it might be known as 20/2.

Bamboo Cloth: Rayon created from bamboo cellulose. Though rayon is a man-made artificial materials, most specialists agree it’s readily biodegradable. Bamboo material is extraordinarily delicate and has glorious drape.

Bamboo: Quick rising plant, categorised as a grass, which may be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothes.

Bleach Wash: A course of that makes use of bleach to melt and misery the look of the material being washed.

Boat Neck: A really large neckline that runs throughout the collarbone space to the shoulder factors. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, the place the large neck enabled fast elimination if the sailor fell overboard.

Boy Beater: Girls’s vogue reply to the spouse beater. A girls’s tank prime, though it may be any shade.

Brushed Cotton: A technique to take away extra lint and fibers from cotton material. Brushed cotton often has a really delicate, clean end.

Burn-Out: A course of that makes use of sulfuric acid or different robust acid to “burn-out” elements of a material knit, often a polyester/cotton mix. The method provides a see-through, very sheer impact.

Cap Sleeves: Normally refers to shorter sleeves on girls’s clothes.

Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often called a “greenhouse” fuel due to its relationship with international warming. Just a few t-shirt producers are actually measuring and recording the CO2 emissions concerned in manufacturing their shirts.

Carbon Belief: Unbiased group based in 2001 in Nice Britain that displays carbon emissions. The Carbon Belief works with corporations to assist scale back their carbon footprint, and now certifies corporations and merchandise as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. Just a few t-shirt corporations now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.

Carding: A fiber cleansing course of that eliminates quick fibers and removes grime and overseas matter. Carding may be executed by hand or by massive machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-only cotton is just not as fascinating as combed cotton.

Cellulase Wash: One other identify for enzyme wash. This offers material a delicate really feel and a classic look, relying on how the wash is completed.

Cellulose: Derived from the cell partitions of sure crops. Helpful in guaranteeing forms of materials, together with acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo material is definitely rayon created from bamboo cellulose.

Low-cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, utilizing 18/1 thread, often knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used usually as low cost promotional give-aways.

Local weather Impartial: A time period used to explain an organization, course of, or product that has zero influence on the Earth’s local weather. Just a few t-shirt producers promote their firm as local weather impartial.

CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often called a “greenhouse” fuel due to its relationship with international warming.

Colorfastness: The power of a garment to resist a number of washings with out dropping its shade.

Combed Cotton: A technique to take away quick fibers and to rearrange longer fibers parallel to create a clean, tremendous cotton yarn. Combed cotton has excessive energy, glorious uniformity, and higher hand. Combed cotton prices extra and is utilized in finer t-shirts.

Compacting: A course of that compacts the house between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to scale back shrinking.

Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a unique shade than the garment. Offers a pleasant design element in t-shirts.

Management Union: A world group that gives certification providers for quite a lot of programs–including many natural certification applications. Certifies USDA Natural, in addition to GOTS (International Natural Textile Commonplace).

Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy material with a clean flat face and a extra textured however uniform again. Common weight per yard is about 5.5 to six ounces. Fundamental t-shirts are made from cotton jersey. Wonderful cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.

Cotton: A pure fiber that’s the preferred on the planet for materials. Cotton fibers are often ½ to 2 inches lengthy. Longer fibers produce finer cotton material. Varieties similar to Pima and Egyptian, which function fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra extremely valued than odd varieties.

Crew Neck: A spherical close-fitting neckline. Commonest neck on t-shirts.

Crop High: A shirt with a brief physique to it; made to reveal the midriff space.

Double-Needle Stitched: Used totally on sleeve/backside hems and refers to a parallel row of sewing. This kind of stitching provides sturdiness and a cleaner, extra completed look.

Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a material hangs. A cloth like bamboo rayon has glorious drape, whereas a rough material like burlap has little or no. T-shirts which have good drape qualities really feel nicer to put on.

Drop Tail: A garment that incorporates a longer again than entrance.

Eco-Pleasant: Extraordinarily unfastened time period that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Virtually ineffective in realistically assessing a product. Favourite time period utilized by inexperienced washers.

Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its lengthy size of fiber. Attire made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.

Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to assist individuals who endure most from environmental abuses similar to pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Particularly energetic in curbing abuses in cotton farming.

Enzyme Washed: A wash course of utilizing particular enzymes to supply a delicate end and clean look to a material. Ages dyes to create a particular look to dyed materials. Enzyme washing is bodily much less harsh on the material in comparison with stone washing.

European Lower: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full reduce males’s t-shirt, measurement massive, often runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch under the sleeve). A males’s massive European reduce will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically extra.

Cloth Dyed: Cloth dyed earlier than being reduce and sewn right into a completed piece of clothes.

Truthful Labor Affiliation: A nonprofit group devoted to ending sweatshop situations in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, particularly essential within the attire enterprise the place working situations have traditionally been so poor.

Truthful Put on Basis: A world group devoted to enhancing garment staff’ lives everywhere in the world. Works with corporations that produce clothes and different sewn merchandise and that take accountability for his or her provide chain.

Wonderful Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy material with a clean flat face and a extra textured however uniform again. Wonderful cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than common cotton jersey. T-shirts made with tremendous cotton jersey have a greater drape and really feel than common t-shirts. Normally made with 30s and better cotton thread, and weighs about 4.3 ounces per sq. yard.

Fitted Lower: Definitions range, however usually a fitted reduce refers to a reduce that flatters the physique. Used usually in girls’s t-shirts, the center part of the shirt might be tighter than the highest or backside. Total, the shirts run narrower than a fundamental full reduce.

Full Lower: A beneficiant, roomy reduce. In t-shirts, tubular types are usually thought-about full-cut, however there are exceptions. Full Lower differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.

Garment Dyed: Clothes dyed after it has been reduce and sewn right into a completed article of clothes.

Garment Washed: A course of the place completed articles of clothes are washed, often with added softeners to enhance the look and feel of the material.

GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used within the Nineteen Nineties when customers turned frightened about genetically modified meals. Many corporations now apply the GMO free label on all the things from meals to pure materials, like cotton.

GOTS: Stands for International Natural Textile Commonplace. A challenge of the Worldwide Working Group. They’ve developed requirements to make sure natural standing of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, as a way to present a reputable assurance to the top client. An natural t-shirt that meets the requirements may be GOTS licensed.

Inexperienced: Generic time period utilized by advertising gurus to advertise merchandise. One other favourite time period of “green-washers,” who’re hopping on the environmental bandwagon with none actual dedication.

Inexperienced-Washing: Take off on the time period “white-washing,” however in an environmental context. Firms that green-wash are paying lip-service to environmental issues to draw extra enterprise, however have not taken any actual steps to be environmentally accountable.




Hand: The best way a material feels to the contact. A cloth that feels delicate and clean is taken into account to have a very good hand.

Hemp Cloth: Hemp, or Hashish sativa, has been used for cloth for hundreds of years, largely as an industrial material. Newer processing strategies have made it appropriate for finer clothes, and now it’s utilized in many clothes articles, together with t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its energy and sturdiness.

Henley T-Shirt: Just like a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or 3 buttons (typically as much as 5 buttons are used, however that is unusual). A Henley may be both quick or lengthy sleeved.

Ice Wash: A technique of stone washing the place the stones are first soaked in an answer of potassium permanganate. This technique produces a frosted look to material.

Interlock Knit: A kind of knit that could be very delicate and has a very good drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, extra stretchy than Jersey knit, however much less stretchy than rib knit. Utilized in very tremendous clothes.

Jersey Knit: Generally present in t-shirts and is probably the most sturdy of knits. It’s mild weight, and has tremendous vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island within the English Channel. Wonderful cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with tremendous cotton threads similar to 30s and 40s.

Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up material had been made. There are lots of forms of knits. Jersey Knit is often present in t-shirts and is probably the most sturdy of knits. It’s mild weight, and has tremendous vertical ribs. Alternatively, rib knits have heavy ribs working down the material, whereas interlock knits are utilized in very tremendous materials. T-shirt collars are often rib knit.

Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless model t-shirt, however not precisely a tank prime. Fundamental t-shirt, simply with out the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is far wider than an odd tank prime.

Neck Tape: A skinny strip of cloth sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered sew. Also known as “shoulder to shoulder taped.”

OekoTek 100: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Affiliation, which assures customers that the attire they purchase is chemical free and poses no danger to their well being. Below the Oeko-Tex commonplace, clothes should be freed from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and different poisonous chemical substances.

Natural Attire: A time period very loosely utilized within the garment trade. It may well imply something from 100% natural to as little as 6% natural. Typically mixed with phrases like Eco-Pleasant, Inexperienced, and so forth. Customers should verify the labels and confirm the supplies used to see if one thing is really natural or not.

Natural Cotton: Cotton grown with out the usage of pesticides. Licensed natural cotton has been inspected to insure it really is natural.

Natural Soil Affiliation: Based in 1946 by a gaggle of farmers, scientists and nutritionists involved concerning the relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental well being. The Natural Soil Affiliation pioneered the primary natural requirements in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet these requirements.

Overdyed: A course of the place beforehand dyed clothes or materials are dyed with an extra shade to create a novel look.

Efficiency T: Identify for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and outside lovers. Efficiency Ts are characterised by their breathability, moisture wicking, quick drying, and odor management capabilities. Many efficiency Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or can be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, because of their absorbency and wicking properties, have change into referred to as efficiency t-shirts, though they don’t dry as quick as efficiency t-shirts made from 100% polyester.

PFD: Stands for Ready For Dyeing. Offered this strategy to t-shirt customizers who wish to create their very own look with dyes.

Pigment Dyed: A kind of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.

Pima Cotton: A cotton developed within the U.S. within the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It options longer fibers and is used usually in tremendous males’s and girls’s shirts. The identify Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the primary crops of the brand new cotton because it was first grown within the U.S.

Pique: A technique of knitting that creates a waffle-type, tremendous textured floor. Used usually in polo shirts.

Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used extensively in attire, particularly mixed with cotton in 50/50 blends.

Pre-Shrunk: Refers back to the strategy of pre-shrinking material earlier than it’s reduce and sewn. Sometimes it refers to an precise completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes that has been preshrunk shrinks much less as soon as the customer washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will nonetheless shrink a bit, nevertheless, particularly if dried utilizing a garments dryer.

Raglan T-Shirt: Type of t-shirt that includes sleeves that run on to the collar. Normally the sleeves are a contrasting shade from the physique. Raglan sleeves are wider underneath the arms, and are most popular by wearers who need most freedom of motion. Baseball t-shirts often function a raglan sleeve model.

Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its primary ingredient. Rayon could be very delicate, has glorious drape, and could be very absorbent. Initially developed as a silk substitute.

Rib Knit: Characterised by heavy vertical ribs working down the material. Rib knits are often categorised as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This allows you to know the width of the rib in comparison with the house between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the house between every rib is similar width because the ribs. However a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as large because the areas in between. Rib knit could be very stretchy and is commonly used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.

Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The continual spinning leads to a softer really feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the contact.

Ringer T: A t-shirt with coloured sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in numerous colours.

Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing sand whereas washing a garment or material to melt and misery it.

Satin Washed: One other time period for silicone washed, which produces a really clean and delicate end to material, and in addition provides the material good draping properties.

Scoop Neck: Broad, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in girls’s shirts.

Sheer Jersey: Very mild weight jersey knit, weighing about 3.9 ounces per yard. A bit of stretchier than tremendous jersey.

Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of cloth sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered sew.

Shrinkage: Normally refers to cotton attire and the quantity it may be anticipated to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, however 4-5% shrinkage can nonetheless be anticipated.

Aspect Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam working down at all sides underneath the arm sleeves to the underside hem. Aspect seamed t-shirts are costlier to fabricate.

Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a really clean and delicate end to material, and in addition provides the material good draping properties.

Singlet: one other time period for a males’s tank prime.

Slim Lower: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full reduce males’s t-shirt, measurement massive, often runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch under the sleeve). A slim reduce will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically extra.

Stonewashed: A washing course of that makes use of lava rocks or typically silicon and rubber balls. This technique makes material softer and provides it an aged or distressed look. Typically bleach is used on this course of.

Tank High: T-Shirt characterised by skinny shoulder straps and no sleeves. The identify got here from the early time period for swimming swimming pools: swimming tanks.

Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” however a skinny strip of cloth sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered sew.

Tubular Type:A mode that has no facet seams; the physique of the t-shirt is spherical and straight. Tubular t-shirts are cheaper to fabricate, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.

Unisex T-Shirt: No commonplace definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however usually talking a unisex t-shirt is made from lighter weight, tremendous cotton jersey, facet seamed, and never reduce as full as a daily males’s t-shirt. The sleeves will not be further quick, like cap sleeves, however will not be full elbow lengths both. The physique size is often medium/lengthy. Nevertheless, there are large variations in unisex t-shirts, relying on the producer.

Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite tv for pc that turned unbiased in 1991 and is infamous for its cotton manufacturing strategies, which embody compelled baby labor and environmentally damaging practices. Moral attire corporations boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nevertheless, many corporations do not care and have refused to hitch within the boycott as a result of Uzbekistan cotton is reasonable.

V -Neck: Inverted triangle model of neckline. Will be deep or shallow, relying on the model. Normally favored by girls, however a shallow model v-neck is fashionable amongst males.

Viscose: Sometimes one other identify for rayon, as in viscose rayon.

Weight: Normally expressed ounces per sq. yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton material signifies that one sq. yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Wonderful jersey cotton materials often have lighter weights, whereas coarser cotton materials have heavier weights.

Spouse Beater: Derogatory time period for a males’s tank prime t-shirt. Normally refers to a fundamental white tank prime.

Yarn Dyed: Yarn that’s dyed earlier than it’s woven into a material.

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T-Shirts – Common T-Shirts – Common Specs & Pictures

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